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Modern Society and Culture in Korea III...
Colonial Modernity and Korean Reaction in the 1920s and 1930s
 Price US$30
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Author name
 Publication Date 2007.12.31
 Language Korean
 Format hardcover
 Pages 432 pages
 ISBN 978-89-521-0876-0 (93300)
 Status Stocks Have in stock
This hook is composed of joint research on the colonial modernity in Korea and the reactions of the Korean people during the 1920s and 1930s. The book consists of the following nine themes.

The Japanese Colonial Authorities' Policy of Assimilation (, Japanese: d ka seisakuron, Korean: donghwa jeongchaeknon) in the 1920s and 1930s
The present study examines the Japanese colonial authorities' policy of assimilation in the 1920s and the 1930s, respectively. In the 1920s, the colonial authorities implemented a gradual policy of assimilation that, under the motto of the "harmonization of Japan and Korea" (; Japanese: Nissen yř wa; Korean: Ilseon yunghwa), claimed that Japan and Korea were to be harmonized with one another on an equal footing. In the 1930s, they sought to inculcate the Korean peasantry with Japan's state ideology of Shintoism (ʫԳ; Japanese: Kokka Shin; Korean: Gukga Sindo) by implementing the policy of the cultivation of the mind-field ( ۡ; Japanese: shinden kaihatsu; Korean: simjeon gaebal).

The '1 myeon ()- 1 Botong-Hakgyo () plan' and the Korean primary education system, 1928-1936
This paper investigates how Korean primary education changed with the execution of the '1 myeon()- 1 Botong-Hakgyo () plan' of the Japanese Colonial Government. As a result of the plan, at least one public primary school had been established in each Korean myeon a by 1936. However, the rate of enrollment was still under 30% nationwide and the number of years required for primary school education was shortened to four. Moreover, in the primary school education system, vocational subjects and teaching, especially agricultural practices, were stressed the most. In essence, the Korean primary education of this period seemed to have returned to the 'Simple and Practical Education' () system of the 1910s.

The World of Professionals Living in Seoul during the Japanese Colonial Era, 1910-1930.
The present study explores the world of professionals residing in Seoul from the 1910s to the early 1930s in terms of changes in the classification of professions, professional regulations, actual employment and unemployment, and professional circumstances and organizations. It concludes that while the traditional view of professions, as represented by the four classes (: literati, peasants, artisans, merchants; Chinese: shi-nong-gong-shang; Korean: sa-nong-gong-sang, Japanese: shi-n-k-sh), was dissolved in the process of colonization and a new group of professions emerged in conjunction with modern education, the world of professions as a whole was strictly controlled by there gulations established by the colonial power.

Urban Problems and the Residents Movement (; Japanese: jř min und; Korean: jumin undong) in Seoul in the 1920s and 1930s.
The present study examines the urban problems and the consequent residents' movement in Seoul during the 1920s and 1930s. With an increase in its population, contemporary Seoul saw the rise of such urban problems as a lack of housing, traffic congestion, water shortages and insanitation. This study microscopically explores the Korean response to colonial modernity by way of the people's reaction to urban problems such as these and of their formation of residents' organizations.

The "New Women" (; Japanese: Shinjosei; Korean: Sinnyeoseong) and Socialism in Korea during the 1920s and 1930s.
This study examines the "new women" and the advent of socialism in Korea, both of which arose in the 1920s to 1930s, with a particular focus on the socialist women's movement that was likewise initiated in the 1920s. It concludes that while the socialist women's movement, like the liberal women's movement before it, may have demanded the overthrow of traditional customs, it failed to resolve problems unique to colonial women due to its strict adherence to class reductionism.

Confucian Intellectuals' Understanding of "Modernity" and "Coloniality" in the Early 1920s
This analysis explores the understanding of "coloniality" and "modernity" held by the Confucian intellectuals of Korea in the early 1920s, with a primary focus on Bak Eun-sik () and Seol Tae-hui (). It argues that these intellectuals, spurred by the trend of idealism, were able to reexamine both Confucianism and modernity in the early 1920s and, by linking the two through this reinterpretation, came to propose a kind of Confucian utopianism. The present study concludes that this new ideological perspective was the final stage in a process of connecting Confucianism and modernity that had actually begun in the 19th century with the "Eastern way, Western matter" (Գ; Korean: Dongdo Seogi) notion.

The "New Intellectuals" (; Japanese: Shinchishikijin; Korean: Sinjisigin) Understanding of "Modernity" and "Coloniality" in the 1920s and 1930s
This study explores the understanding of "coloniality" and "modernity" held by the "new intellectuals" of Korea in the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on their self-government movement (; Japanese: jichi und; Korean: jachi undong). Here, the "new intellectuals" are classified in to right-wing nationalists, left-wing nationalists and socialists, and the differences between their respective views of modernity are analyzed. The conclusion is that the right-wing nationalists equated capitalist development with modernity and therefore had a positive view of the latter, where as the left-wing nationalists and socialists saw modernity as a "liberation" that negated their colonial reality.

The Ideological Trends of Korean Protestant Intellectuals in the 1930s The present study examines the ideological trends of Korean Protestant intellectuals in the 1930s, with a focus on the careers and ideologies of members of the Positive Faith League (пӥ; Japanese: Sekkyoku Shinkdan; Korean: Jeokgeuk Sinangdan). The Positive Faith League was founded in Seoul in the 1930s by Korean members of the Presbyterian and Methodist churches and of the YMCA. By exploring the ideologies and praxes of these figures, this study elucidates the vision of colonial modernity that was held by Korean Protestants.

Local Leaders (ӥ; Japanese: yř shi shř dan; Korean: jiyeok yuji) and Innovative Youth Groups (Ҵӥ; Japanese: kakushin seinen shř dan; Korean: hyeoksin cheongnyeon jipdan) in Buyeo (ݦ) and Nonsan County (ߣ; Korean: Nonsan-gun) in South Chungcheong Province (Գ; Korean: Chungcheong-namdo) during the Japanese Colonial Period
This study explores the confrontation between local leaders and innovative youth groups during the Japanese colonial era, with the cases of Buyeo and Nonsan County in South Chungcheong Province cited as examples. It first examines the formation of local leaders and innovative youth groups, then explores these groups' respective political activities in terms of the peasants' movement (; Japanese: nmin und; Korean: nongmin undong) and tenancy disputes (; Japanese: kosaku sgi; Korean: sojak jaengeui), petitions of the populace and ideological guidance. The study concludes by stating that the local society of Korea (: Japanese: chiiki shakai; Korean: jiyeok sahoe), under a colonial ruling system dominated by bureaucrats and local leaders, came to be divided by generation and ideology, and that such division continued into regional politics even after the Liberation.
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